WASHINGTON — The 2 males now main the Republican Celebration normally align throughout political crises. However the Trumpian chaos splintering the G.O.P. just isn’t solely testing Kevin McCarthy, the Home minority chief, and Mitch McConnell, the Senate minority chief — it’s additionally highlighting their variations in deal with the previous president and hampering a united technique for retaking Congress subsequent yr.

A 24-hour interval this previous week illustrated Mr. McCarthy’s problem. In a convention name on Wednesday, he instructed Home Republicans to “reduce the crap,” based on two officers who participated. Whereas he didn’t specify what he had in thoughts, there have been loads of choices, from Republicans’ attempting to punish Consultant Liz Cheney for voting to question former President Donald J. Trump to the extremism of Consultant Marjorie Taylor Greene, the QAnon devotee whose paper path of conspiracy mongering retains rising.

Then on Thursday, Mr. McCarthy made a pilgrimage to Mar-a-Lago to fulfill with Mr. Trump and declare that the previous president was “dedicated to serving to elect Republicans within the Home and Senate in 2022.” Hours later, two of Mr. Trump’s most enthusiastic lieutenants, his eldest son and Consultant Matt Gaetz, used a rally in Wyoming to focus on one Republican they’re dedicated to serving to elect subsequent yr: whoever challenges Ms. Cheney in her major.

For Mr. McConnell, the trail to reclaiming the bulk decidedly doesn’t undergo Mr. Trump. Mr. McConnell and different distinguished Senate Republicans have stopped talking to Mr. Trump and worry that if he retains management over the G.O.P. it can result in the other final result from the one Mr. McCarthy foresees: catastrophe in social gathering primaries and losses in key Senate races like these in Pennsylvania and Arizona.

Mr. Trump could also be off Twitter and on the golf course, however even in his political afterlife he’s complicating life for Republicans in Washington. Simply over per week since he left workplace, a president who took little curiosity within the intricacies of Capitol Hill politics whereas in workplace is wreaking havoc on the Home and Senate G.O.P. caucuses, slowing the social gathering’s try to unify in opposition to the Democratic-controlled capital.

Whereas few Senate Republican leaders are desirous to comply with Mr. McCarthy and be part of Mr. Trump for a photograph alternative, they up to now haven’t been in a position to extricate themselves from the previous president. The impeachment trial, which begins Feb. 8, and the rising debate over whether or not the Senate ought to not less than censure Mr. Trump is setting the stage for a Trumpian loyalty take a look at in the identical chamber that was ransacked by a violent mob earlier this month.

On this entrance, the 2 Republican leaders have taken very completely different approaches however have nonetheless managed to annoy their colleagues. Mr. McConnell’s hope that the Capitol riots would current a gap to purge Mr. Trump from the social gathering was dismissed by the bulk of Senate Republicans, and he has vexed these in his caucus by not providing them any steerage in personal on deal with the upcoming trial. Mr. McCarthy, for his half, has prompted eye-rolling amongst Home Republicans by all however broadcasting his internal monologue as he veers between criticizing and defending Mr. Trump and Ms. Cheney.

Taken collectively, the 2 leaders’ drama has thrust a dilemma earlier than lawmakers that a lot of them dread — whether or not to, in defeat, proceed embracing Mr. Trump and a demagogic fashion of politics that delights tens of millions on the best however price Republicans management of the White Home and Congress.

“There are specific components of the social gathering that aren’t prepared to maneuver on, not able to say that Donald Trump misplaced,” stated Senator Lisa Murkowski, one among solely 5 Senate Republicans who voted against a motion to declare the impeachment trial unconstitutional. “That’s an issue.”

Many establishment-aligned Republicans, together with some within the social gathering’s donor class, agree and have pressured congressional leaders to distance themselves from Mr. Trump. In one other journey to Florida final week, Mr. McCarthy instructed a gaggle of contributors he was upset the president hadn’t moved extra shortly to cease the assault on the Capitol, based on a Republican acquainted with the dialog.

Ms. Greene, the freshman Georgia lawmaker who’s beneath fireplace for her years of constructing hateful and weird feedback, believes the issue is old-guard Republicans who received’t acknowledge what she believes is the brand new actuality.

“The overwhelming majority of Republican voters, volunteers and donors are now not loyal to the G.O.P.,” she stated this month. “Their loyalty now lies with Donald J Trump.”

The overwhelming majority of congressional Republican lawmakers fall someplace in between Ms. Murkowski and Ms. Greene — uneasy about bowing to Mr. Trump in perpetuity however equally unwilling to cross the social gathering’s grass roots by partaking in any effort to drive him from the G.O.P.

As has been the case because the president’s election in 2016, the reply for dozens of G.O.P. members of Congress is to vote with their ft and retire. This week, Senator Rob Portman of Ohio introduced he would just do that in 2022, sending many Republicans right into a deeper state of dismay.

“I’ve been in Republican politics for 40 years professionally — so, simply after Watergate — and I’ll inform you this has been the worst interval of your complete time,” stated Consultant Tom Cole of Oklahoma, a longtime pal of Mr. Portman’s.

That’s notably true for Republican leaders within the two chambers of Congress.

Since December, Mr. McConnell has handled the retirement of his closest colleague, Senator Lamar Alexander; he has been blindsided by Mr. Portman’s resolution; his spouse, former Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao, stop the Trump administration in protest; and, after he watched his beloved Senate being desecrated, the majority of Senate Republicans dismissed his try to make use of the second to purge Mr. Trump.

That Mr. McConnell couldn’t rouse extra of his colleagues to sentence Mr. Trump, and maybe bar him from searching for workplace once more, is his personal fault, some Republicans say. He made no try to foyer Republican senators, telling them solely that the impeachment trial could be a vote of conscience.

Some Republicans, like Senator Mike Rounds of South Dakota, who had harshly criticized the previous president after the Capitol assault, started to vary their tone as soon as it turned clear that their constituents had been unbothered by Mr. Trump.

“He could very properly be a spokesperson for the conservative motion sooner or later,” Mr. Rounds stated a number of hours earlier than the vote. Lower than two weeks earlier, Mr. Rounds mused to the Forum News Service that Mr. Trump may very well be criminally charged with inciting the assault in a manner that might “cease him for operating for election to a public workplace once more” and stated that “historical past will maintain him accountable.”

Within the interim, Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina mounted a near-daily public protection of the previous president whereas additionally organizing his authorized crew.

Now it’s Mr. Graham who’s claiming victory and predicting a Trump-filled Republican future. “We’re going to wish Trump, and Trump wants us,” he stated.

However these types of pronouncements, and Mr. McConnell’s resolution to aspect with the members of his caucus seeking to derail the trial of the previous president, have left the small variety of Senate Republicans who will publicly criticize Mr. Trump in despair.

“I don’t know what his calculus was about,” Ms. Murkowski stated about Mr. McConnell’s vote on the impeachment movement. “I want that it had been completely different.”

Mr. McConnell isn’t the one Senate Republican chief going through challenges inside the social gathering. Senator Rick Scott of Florida, the brand new head of the Senate marketing campaign arm for 2022, has irritated some donors along with his refusal to certify Mr. Biden’s election or enable that Mr. Trump bears accountability for the Capitol riot. On one among his first convention calls with contributors earlier this month, Mr. Scott was pelted with questions associated to Mr. Trump, based on a Republican acquainted with the dialogue.

It’s even messier within the Home. A few of Mr. McCarthy’s colleagues privately grumble that he has been too desirous to please the previous president and that he humiliated himself by posing for photos at Mar-a-Lago shortly after The Occasions reported that Mr. Trump had used a derogatory word about Mr. McCarthy for his saying that Mr. Trump bore accountability for the Capitol riot.

However it’s Trump-inspired figures and Trump antagonists who’re inflicting Mr. McCarthy essentially the most complications. Some Home Democrats are calling for the expulsion of Ms. Greene, who, amongst different issues, has promoted a conspiracy concept that the Sandy Hook Elementary Faculty capturing was a hoax.

Mr. Trump, nevertheless, has repeatedly praised Ms. Greene, similar to at his ultimate rally as president, in her Georgia district this month. Some Home Republicans fear that if Mr. McCarthy strips her of committee assignments, she is going to solely develop into a extra distinguished determine on the far proper and painting herself a sufferer of cancel tradition.

Maybe extra awkward for Mr. McCarthy is what to do about Ms. Cheney, the third-ranking Home Republican. A variety of Home Republicans have known as for her ouster; Mr. Gaetz, the Florida congressman, spoke on the anti-Cheney rally on the Wyoming state capitol, throughout which he put Donald Trump Jr. on speaker cellphone to induce her defeat in subsequent yr’s major.

Ms. Cheney has shied away from discussing Mr. Trump in public since her vote, preferring as a substitute to focus on Mr. Biden in hopes that doing so will remind her colleagues and constituents of her conservative bona fides. In personal, although, she has reached out to Home Republican allies and requested whether or not she must flow into a letter of assist from G.O.P. lawmakers to go off an effort to depose her.

Much more exceptional to some Republican lawmakers and aides, Ms. Cheney has sought restore her post-impeachment standing within the caucus by mending relationships with earlier rivals. At a closed-door assembly of the Home Republicans who determine committee assignments this week, she expressed her assist for appointing Consultant Thomas Massie of Kentucky to the Judiciary Committee, based on a workers member who was current. Final yr, Ms. Cheney supported a Republican who was trying to unseat the libertarian-leaning Mr. Massie in his major.

Whereas Mr. McCarthy has overtly criticized the way in which Ms. Cheney unveiled her assist for impeachment — she didn’t inform him upfront and issued a blistering assertion that Democrats relied on — he has supplied her some personal recommendation, based on a Republican official acquainted with the dialog.

In a dialog when each had been in Washington for management conferences this week, Mr. McCarthy instructed her to name a few of her critics, allow them to vent and permit the identical airing of grievances at subsequent week’s in-person gathering of the total Republican caucus.

On Thursday, Ms. Cheney declined to return fireplace at Mr. Gaetz for displaying up in her residence state. Certainly pleasing Mr. McCarthy, and his warnings about “the crap,” she as a substitute trumpeted laws she has launched that might overturn Mr. Biden’s government order banning drilling on federal lands.

Nicholas Fandos contributed reporting.